Thixendale had survived previous enclosures, and retained its land strip system.
Between 1786 and 1795, Sir Christopher Sykes started buying land property by property. Along with the properties went the strips of land. He created farms of between 500 and 1000 acres, notably Thixendale Grange, Manor Farm, Gills Farm and Gritts Farm. Along with the farms, came the farmsteads, built from 1843 onwards.
Agriculture was developed by securing sources of water in dew ponds and improving the fertility of the soil by using manure from cattle. The cattle were held in high barns through the winter and sold in the spring.
Labourers were needed for the agriculture. Older workers were found in the villages, and younger lads were hired by the year.
The Sykes estate were responsible for much of the existing buildings in Thixendale, including , the church and the school. In part, this was a way of showing-off the wealth of the estate. Only the best architects and workmanship were permitted.
Also see Thixendale under the Sledmere Estate
This map from 1793 shows the following:
- (1) Marshall’s Garth occupied the land from the junction near ‘Round-the-Bend’ through to where Beamer View and Newcote are now.
- (2) Court Garth occupied the land that is now mainly Chapel Farm.
- (3) There is a lane between (1) and (2), called Water Lane, leading to (4) below.
- (4) Marshall’s Allotment – a small triangle of land to the south of (1) and the west of (2)
- (5) Brigham’s Garth – now the site of the Cross Keys.
- (6) Brigham’s Allotment – roughly where Jay-Jay is now
- (7) Thomas Harrison’s Garth – between Cottage Farm and Cross Keys.
- The spring and pond can be seen towards Manor Farm.
- A building is shown opposite ‘Round-the-Bend’
- What is now October Barn seems to be shown.
- All of the existing roads were already in place.
This map from 1816 shows the following:
- Marshall’s Garth appears to have grown by taking over Court Garth and Water Lane.
- October Barn appears more clearly. There appears to be a road between it and the Huggate hill.
In 1823, Thixendale had a population of 184.
In 1837, John Jewison of Raisthorpe built a terrace of 8 brick cottages between the Cross Keys and what is now the cricket pitch. These became known as Jewison’s row. They were built to house farm labourers.
A Methodist chapel was built at the east of the village in 1837. Some information courtesy of Christopher Dent:
My father was Superintendent Minister of the Pocklington Circuit of the Methodist Church in the 1960s. The circuit at that time had 28 chapels and Thixendale was probably the most inaccessible, certainly in winter. As far as I can remember, the Thixendale Chapel had only one member, Mrs Sarah Welburn, whose details I have found on the website under the Coates family. Sarah faithfully maintained the life of the chapel for many years. Many of the chapels, like Thixendale, had a very small membership. My father organised a circuit rally each quarter gathering in the members from across the circuit. A special bus was sent out around the circuit, but Sarah Welburn was fetched by car during the afternoon and had tea with us in the Manse in Pocklington before the evening service. It was like an outing to the metropolis for her.
Manor Farm was built in 1843.
In 1849, Lady Sykes supported the building of a small schoolhouse next to what is now Cottage Farm. This was subsequently divided between Ash Tree Farm and Cottage Farm after the new school was built in 1876.
It can be seen as the single-story building in these two photos: photo 1 (1900) photo 2 (1904)
This map from 1851 shows the following:
- The Cross Keys is clearly identified.
- The Wesleyan Methodist Chapel is shown.
- Cross Keys is shown.
- The Smithy is shown opposite Cottage farm.
- The Cross Keys is shown.
The new church, St. Mary’s was built in 1870. Prior to this, parishioners walked to Wharram Percy for births, marriages and burials. The Coffin Walk still exists from Thixendale across Raisthorpe and along Deepdale to Wharram.
On November 1st 1877, Sir Tatton Sykes provided a new organ for the church at a cost of £199.
The parish of Thixendale was detached from Wharram Percy in 1872, along with Raisthorpe and Burdale.
A church drum and fife band formed in 1888. This became a brass band in 1890.were built just before the end of the century, and were named after Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee.
According to Genuki, Thixendale’s population in 1891 was 234.
By 1892, the Thixendale township contained 3,811 acres, and had a rateable value of £2,400. There were 50 children on the school roll. At the same time, Raisthorpe township contained 2,112 acres and a rateable value £1,301.